India is known for producing a wide range of graceful handloom sarees, one of which is the alluring handloon tussar silk sarees. Tussar silk sarees are made on the rich and graceful fabric called tusaar silk, as suggested by the name. Tussar silk or Kosa silk comes from the larvae of a special kind of silk worms. These silk worms are indigenous to the South Asia region and inhabit the wild forest trees of Terminalia and Shorea Robusta species. These trees include oak, jamun, asan and arjun trees. The fabric obtained from these silk worms has a deep gold color and a very rich texture, which makes it a valued fabric.
Process of Making Tussar Silk:
The process of producing handloom tussar silk fabric is a complex one. The thread, which is produced naturally by silk worms, has to be extracted first. For this purpose, the first step involves killing the worms by sun drying the cocoons. They are then soaked in boiling water for the purpose of softening the silk yarn. Boiling, in fact, softens up the cocoons and makes the extraction process easier. The yarn thus obtained features a dull gold shine and has shorter fibers as compared to conventional mulberry silk. The fabric woven into tussar silk exhibits better texture than mulberry silk but is less durable.
Production of Handloom Tussar Silk Sarees:
India takes the second position among the top producers of tussar silk around the world. The Indian tussar silk is regarded as a forest product and is manufactured as a handloom textile, mostly by tribal people. West Bengal is the major producer of this fabric, though other states such as Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh have a considerable contribution in this regard. The most exquisite product which is crafted from tussar silk is the handloom tussar silk saree, though it is also used as a base material in stitched apparel, handicrafts and home furnishing fabrics. Tussar silk sarees are not only popular all over the country but also in international destinations such as Europe, United States and the Persian Gulf. In addition to the traditional gold color, tussar silk sarees are now available in a range of vibrant colors due to increasing use of chemical dyes. These elegant sarees have also been widely appreciated on fashion circles and many famous designers love to showcase them on their collections
Special Care and Maintenance of Tussar Silk Sarees:
Handloom tussar silk is a delicate fabric, which means that you need to take special care of these special sarees once you include them in your wardrobe. It is essential not to wash these sarees, rather have them dry cleaned whenever needed. Still, if you want to handwash the saree, doo it with a mild detergent and cold water. Also, the fabric needs to breathe and should never be stored in plastic bags.Handloom tussar sarees are nothing less than prized possessions; so extra care and maintenance is required for handloom tussar silk sarees.